kindergarten sengkang：Summary of safety education activities in small classes in kindergartens
1. Understand the basic knowledge of earthquakes and the hazards caused by earthquakes.
2. Help children master the methods of self-protection and escape skills in earthquake When it happens.
3. Educate young children to obey the instructions of teachers and adults and make basic self-help behaviors in case of earthquake.
4. Cultivate children’s safety awareness and self-protection ability in earthquake prevention and disaster reduction.
5. Strengthen children’s safety awareness.
Video clips about earthquake knowledge.
First, watch the video clips of earthquake knowledge to understand the hazards caused by earthquakes.
(a) let children know through short films that because of the constant movement of the earth, huge energy is gradually accumulated, causing sudden rupture or vibration of rock strata in some fragile areas of the earth’s crust, which is called earthquake.
(B) Teacher’s question: What did you see just now? What harm will the earthquake bring to us?
Children can tell freely: during an earthquake, the ground will shake violently, crack a big gap, the house will collapse, everything in the house will be crushed, and sometimes our lives will be threatened. The earthquake does bring us great harm. So today, let’s learn some knowledge about shock absorption.
Second, help children master some methods of self-protection in earthquake When it happens.
(1) Children, what should we do if there is an earthquake?
(B) teachers to summarize the correct approach:
1. When you are indoors, you can hide in corners, toilets and other places that easily form triangular supports, and meet under or beside solid furniture. Protect your head with soft objects such as cushions and pillows around you. After choosing the hiding place, the correct self-suspension posture is; Squat down, bend your head, close your eyes or protect your head with your hands. You can also cover your mouth and nose with a wet towel to prevent inhalation of dust and poison gas. Never run to the balcony or window, stay away from glass doors and windows, or under hanging objects.
2. If you are outdoors, you should run to an open place as soon as possible. Keep away from buildings, fences, trees, billboards, etc., and don’t hide in underground passages or under viaducts. Don’t sit in the car, take refuge in the open square.
3. Never jump off a building or get into an elevator.
4. If buried, don’t panic, try to protect yourself. You can try to knock on objects that can make noises and send out distress signals.
3. Educate children not to panic, avoid in time and use escape skills in the event of an earthquake.
Although the earthquake is severe, children should not panic. In earthquake When it happens, after the ground started shaking, there was still a short time to escape. If you hide in a safe place during this time, you won’t get hurt.